Adding an automatically-generated sitemap.xml to a Zend Framework site

This article looks at how to dynamically create a Google sitemap.xml file for your Zend Framework site. It assumes that you are using Zend_Navigation to describe the basic layout of your site. It also assumes that the application is based on Zend_Application and uses Zend_Layout.

First, we need to create the controller class used to field the request for the sitemap. This is called SitemapController and is located in controllers/SitemapController.php. The class has the following skeleton:

class SitemapController extends Zend_Controller_Action
  // TODO: Implement the class action handlers here

The first action is the index action, which is handled by the follow method of the class:

public function indexAction()

This disable the standard layout, so that only the XML of the sitemap is rendered.

The accompanying view script file is application/views/scripts/sitemap/index.phtml and contains the following code:

echo $this->navigation()->sitemap();

This takes the pages in the navigator and uses them to generate a sitemap.

Now, if you navigate to http://[your-domain]/sitemap, the sitemap will be rendered in the browser.

Now we need to set up the router, so that a request for http://[your-domain]/sitemap.xmlalso brings up the sitemap.

To do this, we should add the route to the application configuration file:

resources.router.routes.sitemap.type = "Zend_Controller_Router_Route_Static"
resources.router.routes.sitemap.route = "sitemap.xml"
resources.router.routes.sitemap.defaults.controller = "sitemap"
resources.router.routes.sitemap.defaults.action = "redirect"

We now need to add another action handler to the SitemapController class:

public function redirectAction()

The reason for doing this indirect redirection is that if we route directly to sitemap/index, the navigator becomes confused and renders all the URLs in the sitemap incorrectly. You can confirm this by changing the ini file setting above from “redirect” to “index”.



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